This blog documents my LIS 753 MLIS Graduate course at Dominican University.

Wednesday, June 21, 2006

Blog Post #2: Internet History...

History of the Internet:

There are differing opinions about how the Internet came into being. Here I am going to address it from one of those points-of-view...
ARPAnet gave birth to the Internet around 1969. It was never ARPAnet's intention to do so though. ARPAnet was attempting to allow research institutions the ability to time-share, not "to link people or be a communications and information facility." In 1974, the word "Internet" came into existence as a shortcut/nickname for the term "internetworking". In 1978, TCP/IPv4 was released. But, it wasn't until 1983 that TCP/IP was officially added to ARPAnet.

The Internet is "a worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers [using] the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [that] is for information, communication, buying and selling, film, exchanging photos and music, sending messages, talking and messaging, etc." The major backbones of the Internet were formed, in the following years, respectively: NSFNET (1986), NSINET (1980s), ESNET (1980s), NORDUNET (1980s), TCP/IP protocol suites (1980s), and OSI protocol (1990s). And, "by the end of 1991, the Internet [grew] to include some 5,000 networks in over three dozen countries, serving over 700,000 host computers used by over 4,000,000 people."

Most of the Internet system tooday is comprised of private, eduational and research, business, and govermental organizations world-wide. And, the future estimated total of Internet users will rise, according to sources, from 600 million to close to 6 billion, as Internet usage becomes an economic necessity.


Blogger Michael Stephens said...

"economic necessity" -- wow... Tis is where the digital divide comes in and the role of libraries providing access.

5:54 PM


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